The Project Gutenberg EBook of She Stoops to Conquer, by Oliver Goldsmith This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no. She Stoops to Conquer by Oliver Goldsmith. Adobe PDF icon. Download this document as compgarbullkunsbar.ml: File size: MB What's this? light bulb idea Many people. She Stoops to Conquer. This is the celebrated play that restored “laughing comedy” to the English stage and put Goldsmith in the great tradition of Chaucer and.
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urbanization, The Deserted Village, and a stage comedy, She Stoops to. Conquer. By reputation, Goldsmith was brilliant but insecure, and well-meaning and. She Stoops to Conquer is a comedy written by Oliver Goldsmith, an Irish Author remembered for his novels, plays and poems such as The Deserted Village, The . SHE STOOPS TO CONQUER By Oliver Goldsmith Directed By Jonathon Munby REP INSIGHT CONTENTS 3. Introduction 4. Synopsis of the Play 6.
Dressed in her plain clothes, Marlow thinking her the bar maid makes no secret of his feelings for her and all is revealed.
Whilst all this is going on, Miss Neville and Hastings are plotting to elope. Tony is only to happy to help, since the disappearance of Constance will put an end to his mothers meddling in his love life. All does not go according to plan though. Having successfully retrieved the jewels from his mother, Tony Lumpkin gives the jewels to Hastings, who sends them to Marlow for safe keeping.
Marlow not understanding the significance of the casket then gives the jewels to a servant to stow away securely. The jewels end up back with their keeper, Mrs. In the end, Hastings and Miss Neville are forced to come clean and declare their love. Hardcastle then reveals that he is already of age, a fact that Mrs.
Hardcastle has been keeping from him, and the play ends with two sets of lovers rightfully betrothed to one another. He is very fond of his daughter Kate and is keen for her to marry Marlow. Hardcastle is a somewhat ridiculous character who enjoys meddling in the affairs of others.
Desperate to marry off her son to her niece, in order to keep the family jewels, she is selfish and foolish. Hardcastle from her previous marriage. Fond of drinking and making mischief, Lumpkin amuses himself by causing havoc for others. Hardcastle wants her to marry her cousin Tony Lumpkin.
In the end, Constance wins. Hardcastle, Sir Charles is as keen as his friend for his son and Kate to be married. Marlow is struck dumb when in the company of ladies of social standing.
Hardcastle who wants Constance to marry her son Tony. The class that a person belonged to was decided by their wealth, the upper classes were the richest whilst the lower classes were the poorest.
The middle and upper classes enjoyed the finest food, liquor and fashion available while the lower classes struggled to survive.
Smallpox was one of the most common illnesses. During the eighteenth century it killed an estimated 60 million Europeans. A contagious disease, it was easily passed from person to person in cramped houses and streets. When a sick person from the lower class went to hospital to seek medical help, they were often met with prejudice and ignored in favour or patients with higher social standing. They would often go hungry and in very low times bread was all they could get their hands on to eat. In the cities the poor people lived on the streets or in small, dirty houses with many children sharing a bed.
In the countryside, farmers and their families were forced to share shelters with their livestock. Their homes were often made of soil, dirt or pieces of wood lashed together. Amongst the poor however, women too sought employment. Generally though, women were kept busy with the housework and other jobs - cooking, brewing ale, knitting, washing, teaching their young, gardening and making butter.
Some women chose to set up shops in the market and sell different products. This helped the income a lot in the lower class families. In the countryside, men were employed in physical work on farms — ploughing, planting and harvesting. The likelihood of a school staying open was greatly increased if the school was attended by children from wealthy families.
In this way, education was only readily available to those who could afford it and the poor, unable to become educated and increase their chances of a better working life, were kept at the bottom of the social classes. University was only open to men. The women of the upper class wore nothing but the best material and the finest crafted outfits. First they put on their linen shirts. These shirts hung down below their knees. They then tied a string around their waist fastening the shirt.
The corset was next. A corset was a tightly fastened body suit made of cloth and either metal or whalebone strips. This device was used to shape the body into any figure desired. The figure of the time was comparable to an hourglass. Big on the top and bottom, but skinny in the middle. Most women are not naturally shaped like this so much strain was put on the body when a corset was worn.
Women did a lot of damage to their bodies like tearing skin, and even bruising internal organs. It has also been noted that one woman actually died because her corset was tied too tight. Men usually shaved their heads and then wore wigs, as wigs were much easier to manage than a real head of hair.
Men were rarely seen without their wigs on if they owned one. Also many wore three point cocked hats. Three piece suits were definitely the most common attire for men.
Some even carried canes. What are the challenges that you face in directing this play? One of the first things is making sure the play reaches out to a contemporary audience and feels fresh and alive. We also need to make sure that we understand the period and where the play has come from well enough to do it justice — the manners, the etiquette and the protocol of the time. In your opinion, what is this play really about? The thing that feels most potent to me and that I know that Goldsmith was interested in is the tension between town and country and class difference.
Also the snobbery that is born out of that tension — the difference between country living and town living and also the aspiration of wanting to transcend a barrier and become something other.
Or, someone wishing to transcend class and discovering the tension as a result of that desire is brought brilliantly to light by the play and feels very resonant now. I know that this play goes to the heart of that current feeling.
The other thing, which comes absolutely from Goldsmith — he was an individual who found it difficult to operate in public — is shyness and fear. The expectation that we put on young people to find matches, and the expectation that we put on a young man specifically in this instance to woo and court and find a perfect match to woo his Kate and what happens as a result of those expectations.
What do you think is the central question at the heart of the play? For example, Mrs. Hardcastle wants refined pleasures; she wants to transcend the rambling mansion that she lives in and to refine it, and she wants her husband to be more refined. She wants the world she lives in to be more fashionable. Hardcastle wants peace as well. He wants people to stop making demands on him. So is it a question of compromise? To release him.
Was that his original thought do you suppose — star crossed lovers and people pretending to be other than they are?
The original title suggests that it was just that — this middle class pursuit and it was just these little mistakes that they would get over. Kate is no accident or arbitrary choice in terms of character name.
Goldsmith wants us to see the echo of Kate in The Taming of the Shrew, and possible to view this play as a counterpoint — the tamer being tamed.
What does Mrs. Hardcastle represent in the world of the play? Hardcastle who longs to be in London. And she wants for her beloved son to marry her niece who has a good fortune although her son eventually comes into a fortune himself , so she can then live vicariously through them.
What would you like a young audience to identify with in the character of Mrs. I think a young audience will identify with this interfering old busybody of a mother, wanting her son and daughter to do one thing, while they are fully set on doing something completely different, which I have great experience of, having children! I think that mothers are still the same today as they ever were, wanting their children to make a good match, wanting them to live a particular sort of life when of course they want to live their own life, which is as it should be.
What comparisons can you draw between Mrs. All the older generation still think the young are up to no good, going off with the wrong people and living a life of high licentiousness. For example Tony Lumpkin is always in the pub, always out larking around with the lads, going too fast on his horse, driving fast cars! Do you find it hard to make Marlow a likeable character? I think as an actor I have to find a way of understanding why he behaves as he does. Men still do, and so do women!
I think by that point in the play we are sympathetic enough to not be alienated by that behaviour. If they were alive today, what do you think the characters of the play would find most difficult to cope with in modern day society? Well Mrs. Hardcastle would love it! All the characters are so different. They want such different things and they ask such different things. I think they would each find a different part of society difficult.
Which is the better title and why? Should Constance have just taken them when she wanted them? Hardcastle is strict about the way in which Kate dresses. Why is he so? What do you think about his opinion? What do you think? What do you think of arranged marriages? What are the pros and cons? Why is this? Why do they do this? Create something that could be released to the media for public viewing in Use the suggestions below, or pick your own starting point. What questions do they ask? Include Kate and Constance in the line up of potential lovers — How do Constance and Kate get their men?
What do they say? TV — Panorama Write and storyboard a documentary about one of the events of the story — from what perspective will you write it?
What aspect of the story will you concentrate on? She is now wearing the plain clothing her father prefers. He says that there was no reason for her to change because he was mistaken in thinking she might marry the modest Marlow. They compare their experiences with Marlow and discover that they are entirely different.
Kate, on the other hand, has met the version of Marlow who is hobbled by his own shyness.
Like her father, she believes that these experiences should give Marlow confidence, but she has seen how little self-assurance his broad exposure to the world has really given him. Active Themes Hardcastle says that at least they are agreed on the matter of rejecting Marlow, but Kate urges that they give him another chance.
She says that he is the kind of man you seldom meet in the countryside and he might have a better character than first impressions suggest. Hardcastle scoffs, saying that Kate, like most women, thinks she can shape Marlow into a good husband because she finds him physically attractive. Kate reminds her father that he thinks more highly of her intelligence than this, and he apologizes for the insult. They agree to give Marlow another chance and see who is right, whether he is the impudent man who offended Hardcastle or the shy one who was too modest to speak to Kate.
Then they both exit. Hastings enters and asks Tony if he has been pretending to love Constance so that Mrs. Hardcastle will not suspect the planned elopement. He hands Hastings the box of jewels. He rationalizes that this is not stealing because the money is meant for him eventually.
Hastings points out that Constance is currently trying to convince Mrs. Hardcastle to give them the jewels and that that would be a more appropriate way to procure them, but Tony predicts that his mother will not relinquish the jewels and tells Hastings to hold onto the box for now.
Hastings worries about how Mrs. Hardcastle will react when she sees the jewels are gone. Hastings had not imagined that Tony would steal the jewels for them, because this is undignified and unethical. He had only hoped that Tony would aid Constance in pullng the wool over Mrs. But Tony explains that he is used to stealing from his mother, who will never be convinced to relinquish any control over him or Constance. Hastings is unused to this world and still hopes that Constance can trick her aunt into giving her the jewels.
Download it! Tony sees Mrs. Hardcastle and Constance approaching and tells Hastings to run off. Hastings exits, and Constance and Mrs. Hardcastle enter, discussing the jewels. Hardcastle argues that Constance needs no jewels to enhance her beauty and that jewels are out of fashion. She explains that when her acquaintances go to town with their jewels, they return without them.
When Constance continues to press her aunt, saying that the jewels may make Tony like her better, Mrs. Hardcastle says she is not sure that she still has the jewels. Hardcastle cannot be tricked into giving up the jewels because she knows that they give her leverage over Constance.
Her explanation that jewels are out of fashion, however, once again reflects her vain obsession with fashion and her poor understanding of the world.
Active Themes Tony draws his mother aside and tells her that the only way to shut Constance up is to tell her the jewels are lost. Hardcastle thinks this is a funny idea and agrees, asking Tony to back up her story.
Hardcastle tells Constance that the jewels are gone, and Tony says he can confirm this. Constance says that Mrs. Hardcastle could not possibly be so calm about such a loss, since she would have to make up for it. Constance says she hates garnets and is very angry when Mrs. Hardcastle goes to get them for her. Tony reassures her, saying she can take the garnets on top of her jewels, which he has already given to Hastings. He tells Constance to run to Hastings.
Constance is overjoyed. Tony suggests to his mother that they deceive Constance, but only because the joke will really be on Mrs. Hardcastle, who wishes to be closer to her son, readily agrees to lie to Constance about something very serious. Constance feels almost certain that she is being lied to, because she knows that Mrs. Hardcastle would not be calm about the fortune going missing.
Still, Constance is disturbed at the idea that the jewels could be missing, and Tony will not let this deception to cause trouble by going on for long.